What are the different types of Tokaji wine?

by Wine

Tokaji wine is a sweet white wine produced in the Tokaj region of Hungary. It is renowned for its unique and complex flavour, and has been recognised as one of the great wines of the world for centuries.

There are several different types of Tokaji wine, each with its own unique characteristics, sweetness levels and flavours. The most common types are Aszu, Furmint and Harslevelu.

In this article, we will take a look at the different types of Tokaji wine, as well as their production process and flavour profiles.Tokaji wine, also known as Tokay, is a sweet Hungarian wine made from grapes that are affected by noble rot. This type of wine is believed to have been produced in the Tokaj region since the 16th century, and was made popular in Europe by Louis XIV of France.

Tokaji wines are white wines, primarily made from the Furmint grape. They are typically characterized by their sweet taste and pleasant aroma. They are often served chilled and pair well with desserts or cheese.

The sweetness of Tokaji wines is due to their high sugar content, which can range from as little as 50g/L to up to 450g/L. In addition, these wines often have a distinctive golden color due to their long aging process in oak barrels.

Tokaji wines are classified according to the amount of sugar present in them, ranging from dry (3 Puttonyos) to very sweet (6 Puttonyos). The most famous and expensive wines come from Hungary’s Tokaj-Hegyalja region and usually carry the name “Aszu” on their label.

History of Tokaji Wine

Tokaji wine is a unique and ancient dessert wine produced in the Tokaj-Hegyalja region of Hungary. It has been made since at least the 1630s, and is known for its sweet, full-bodied taste. The historic area where the grapes are grown is located in the foothills of the Carpathian Mountains along the Bodrog River. The unique microclimate of this region creates high sugar content in the grapes, which gives Tokaji a distinctive sweetness. The wine is also aged in oak barrels, giving it a complex flavor profile and deep amber color.

The history of Tokaji wine dates back to the mid-17th century when it was first mentioned in a document by Count Pál Esterházy de Galántha. The Count was particularly fond of Tokaji and declared it to be “a king among wines.” By 1737, King Louis XV had declared it as “the wine of kings and king of wines,” and by 1772, Tokaji had become an official appellation under Hungarian law.

The fame of Tokaji grew beyond Hungary during the 19th century when it was served at many royal courts throughout Europe and even at royal events in Britain. In 1872, Emperor Franz Joseph I declared that only authentic Hungarian Tokaji could be served at his court, further solidifying its place as one of Europe’s most esteemed wines.

Today, Tokaji remains one of Hungary’s most renowned wines and continues to be enjoyed around the world for its unique flavor profile and history. It is made from Furmint, Hárslevelű, Sárgamuskotály and other native grape varieties that are blended together to create a complex yet balanced sweetness. The grapes are harvested late in the season when their natural sugars have reached their peak levels, creating an intensely sweet flavor that can only be found in Tokaji wines.

See also  What are some fun facts about Vin Santo wine?

Types of Tokaji Wine

Tokaji is a type of dessert wine produced in the Tokaj-Hegyalja region of Hungary. It has a long and illustrious history, dating back to the 16th century. The name “Tokaji” is derived from the Hungarian word for “wine-maker”, and it is one of the oldest and most renowned sweet wines in the world. There are several different types of Tokaji wine, each with its own distinct character and flavor profile.

The most popular type of Tokaji is Aszú, which is made by mixing sweet grape juice with botrytized grapes. These botrytized grapes are harvested late in the season after they have shriveled on the vine due to a fungus known as Botrytis cinerea, or “noble rot”. The result is an intensely sweet wine that has an almost honey-like flavor. Aszú wines can range from dry to very sweet, depending on how much juice was added during production.

Another popular type of Tokaji wine is Furmint, which is made from a blend of Furmint grapes that are grown in the Tokaj-Hegyalja region. This type of wine tends to be dryer than Aszú, but still has a pleasant sweetness and fruity flavor. Furmint wines typically have high acidity levels and can range from medium-bodied to full-bodied depending on how long they have aged for.

The third type of Tokaji wine is Szamorodni, which is made from both botrytized and non-botrytized grapes that are fermented together in the same tank. Szamorodni wines tend to be semi-sweet or medium sweet in style, with a rich complexity that comes from both grape varietals being present in the blend.

Finally, there are also some sparkling varieties of Tokaji that are produced by re-fermenting some types of Aszú or Szamorodni wines in sealed bottles with added yeast. These sparkling versions tend to be lighter and less intense than their still counterparts but can still be quite enjoyable when served chilled.

In conclusion, there are four main types of Tokaji wines: Aszú, Furmint, Szamorodni, and sparkling versions made from either Aszú or Szamorodni. Each type has its own unique flavors and characteristics that make it stand out among other dessert wines around the world!


Szamorodni is a type of Hungarian dessert or sweet wine. It is made with a combination of sugar and raisins, which gives it a unique and slightly sweet taste. The wine is typically served chilled and can be enjoyed as an after-dinner drink or with desserts. Szamorodni can be found in many restaurants and wine bars across Hungary. It is also popular among tourists visiting the country.

The production process for Szamorodni involves the fermentation of grapes with yeast, followed by aging in oak barrels. This gives the wine its characteristic flavor and aroma. The sugar content in Szamorodni varies from vintage to vintage, but it typically ranges from medium-dry to sweet. The sweetness level depends on the amount of time the grapes have been aged, as well as other factors such as climate and terroir.

Szamorodni is often served with desserts such as cakes, pastries, tarts, and cookies. It can also be enjoyed on its own or paired with fruit dishes or cheese plates. Its unique flavor makes it a great accompaniment to many dishes, adding complexity and balance to the meal.

See also  3. What are the best food pairings for dessert wine?

Overall, Szamorodni is a unique type of Hungarian dessert or sweet wine that can be enjoyed on its own or paired with desserts or cheese plates. Its production process involves fermentation of grapes with yeast followed by aging in oak barrels which gives it its characteristic flavor and aroma. Its sweetness level varies depending on several factors such as climate and terroir, but it typically ranges from medium-dry to sweet making it an ideal accompaniment for many dishes.

Aszu Wine

Aszu is a sweet, fortified wine made in Hungary. It is produced from the Furmint and Hárslevelű grape varieties, and is known for its rich, sweet flavor. Aszu wines are typically made in small batches, and are aged for a minimum of three years before being released. The name Aszu comes from the Hungarian word for “aszú,” which refers to the process of adding raisins to the wine must during fermentation to increase its sweetness. Aszu wines typically range in color from yellow-gold to deep amber, and have an alcohol content of 16-22%.

Aszu wines are renowned for their complex flavor profiles, which can include notes of honey, apricot, citrus, dried fruit, nuts, caramelized sugar and spice. They often have a slight effervescent quality due to the grapes being harvested late in the season and having higher levels of residual sugar than other wines. Aszu wines are typically served as an accompaniment to desserts or cheese platters.

Aszu wines are one of Hungary’s most famous exports and have been enjoyed by many generations of wine drinkers around the world. They are also an important part of Hungarian culture and history; legend has it that King Attila was a fan of Aszu wine! So next time you’re looking for a unique dessert wine with a rich history, look no further than Aszu!


Eszencia is a revolutionary new beauty product that offers a unique combination of natural ingredients and innovative technology. It is formulated with a blend of powerful antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals that help protect and nourish the skin. The formula also includes a unique blend of natural oils, including grapeseed oil, jojoba oil, and argan oil, which helps to hydrate the skin while providing essential nutrients. This combination of natural ingredients helps to reduce wrinkles, brighten skin tone, and provide anti-aging benefits. Additionally, Eszencia’s patented technology helps to boost collagen production for firmer and younger looking skin.

Eszencia is designed for all skin types and can be used both day and night. The product can be applied directly to the face or can be used as part of your daily beauty routine. For best results, it should be used after cleansing or exfoliating the skin. Additionally, Eszencia can be used as a spot treatment on specific areas of the face where wrinkles or other signs of aging are visible.

Eszencia has been tested extensively in clinical trials and has been proven to reduce wrinkles and improve overall skin tone in just four weeks. In addition to its anti-aging benefits, Eszencia also helps to reduce inflammation and improve hydration levels in the skin for a more youthful appearance. With regular use of Eszencia, you’ll notice smoother, brighter looking skin with fewer signs of aging.


Furmint is a white-wine grape variety grown in Hungary and Slovakia. It is most famously used to produce the dessert wine Tokaji, aszú. The grape is also used in blends and varietal wines, often with Hárslevelű and other varieties. Furmint has thin skins and low tannins, which makes it well-suited for sweet wines, but it can also be used to produce dry styles.

See also  What is the alcohol content of red wine?

The name Furmint comes from the German word “fermend” which means “to be intractable”. In Hungary, the grape has been cultivated since the Middle Ages, when it was first mentioned in documents from 1275. It was traditionally planted on chalky soils, which gave it its distinctive flavor profile.

In terms of flavor and aromas, Furmint wines are typically citrusy and floral with notes of apple, pear, peach, honey and apricot. They can have a slightly bitter edge which adds complexity to their taste. The best examples can have a slightly smoky character as well as good minerality from the chalky soils where they are grown.

Furmint is a versatile variety that can be used for both dry and sweet styles of wine. Dry Furmints are light-bodied with fresh acidity and often have a slightly herbal edge to them. Sweet Furmints typically have higher levels of residual sugar but still retain good acidity which helps balance out the sweetness.

Overall, Furmint is an interesting variety that can be used to make some truly unique wines with great complexity and depth of flavor. If you’re looking for something different or want to explore the world of Hungarian wine then give Furmint a try!


Harslevelu is an ancient Hungarian wine variety. It is believed to have originated in the Tokaj region of Hungary, and it is thought to be one of the oldest grape varieties in the world. The variety has a thick skin and is usually a deep purple color. Its flavor profile is quite strong, and it often features notes of dark fruit, baking spices, and leather. Harslevelu can be made as a still wine or as a dessert wine known as Tokaji Aszu. The variety is best paired with dishes that have bold flavors such as game meats, stews, and dishes featuring rich cheeses.

It’s not just the flavor profile that makes Harslevelu stand out – it’s also its history. This grape variety has been around since at least the 16th century, when it was first documented in Hungary. It was popularized by winemakers in the Tokaj region who used it to make the sweet dessert wines which were so beloved by royalty throughout Europe in centuries past. Today, Harslevelu continues to be grown in Hungary as well as other parts of Europe, although it remains relatively rare compared to other varieties such as Merlot or Cabernet Sauvignon.

For those who are looking for something unique and flavorful, Harslevelu is definitely worth trying. This ancient grape variety has stood the test of time and continues to delight wine drinkers with its bold flavor profile and interesting history.


Tokaji wines are a great way to enjoy the unique and delicious flavors of Hungary. From the classic Tokaji Aszu, to the sweet and fruity Furmint, there is something for everyone. Whether it’s a special occasion or a regular night in, these wines can be enjoyed with family and friends to create an unforgettable experience. With so many styles of Tokaji available, there is something for every taste and every budget. So go ahead and explore the world of Hungarian wine!

Happy drinking!



I hope you enjoyed reading this article.

The article is written by me where I share my passion for this topic and I hope I have shed some light to you on this topic.

If you would like to learn more about me check the about page here.


Pin It on Pinterest

Share This