Rhum Agricole is a type of rum made from fresh sugarcane juice. It is unique to the French Caribbean islands of Martinique and Guadeloupe and is known for its smooth, earthy flavor.

It is produced by distilling the fresh sugar cane juice in copper pot stills, and then aging it in oak barrels for a period of time. The aging process gives the rum its distinct flavor, as well as its characteristic color. Rhum Agricole has a higher alcohol content than most other rums, usually ranging from 40-50%.

The flavor of Rhum Agricole can range from light and fruity to rich and complex, depending on the length of time it has been aged. Its tropical flavors are often described as being reminiscent of freshly cut sugar cane, banana, caramel and spices like vanilla and nutmeg.Rhum Agricole is an alcoholic beverage made from sugar cane juice, rather than molasses. It is produced in the French West Indies and has a distinct flavor that sets it apart from other types of rum. It is made exclusively with freshly squeezed sugar cane juice, rather than fermented molasses, and is bottled within three months of distillation. Rhum Agricole has a unique flavor profile that includes notes of tropical fruit, grassy flavors, and a slightly smoky finish. In addition to its distinct flavor profile, Rhum Agricole also has a much higher proof than other rums – typically 80-100 proof instead of the typical 40-50 proof. This higher proof gives it a more intense flavor and makes it popular among those who like their drinks strong.

Rhum Agricole is considered to be one of the finest types of rum available and can be enjoyed neat or mixed in cocktails like the classic daiquiri or mojito. It is also popularly used in tiki drinks such as the Mai Tai and Zombie. With its unique flavor profile and high proof, Rhum Agricole can bring complexity and intensity to any cocktail it’s added to.

History of Rhum Agricole

Rhum agricole is a type of rum that is produced from freshly pressed sugar cane juice, rather than molasses. The history of rhum agricole dates back to the late 18th century in Martinique, when the French colonists on the island began to produce it for commercial use. The term “agricole” was first used in 1840 to distinguish it from other types of rum made from molasses.

Rhum agricole production is closely associated with Martinique, where it has been made since the early 19th century. In 1996, it was granted AOC (Appellation d’Origine Contrôlée) status by the French government, making it one of only two rums recognized by this system (the other being cachaça). This certification ensures that all rhum agricole must be produced in accordance with specific regulations regarding how it is made and where it can be sold.

The process for making rhum agricole begins with harvesting freshly cut sugar cane stalks and pressing them to extract the juice. This juice is then fermented using a combination of yeasts and bacteria, before being distilled in a column still. After distillation, the rum is aged for a minimum of three years in oak barrels before being bottled and sold.

Rhum agricol has become increasingly popular over the past few decades due to its unique flavor profile and its association with French culture. It is often described as having a sweet yet slightly earthy taste, which makes it perfect for sipping neat or as part of a cocktail. Today, rhum agricol can be found in bars and liquor stores around the world, though production remains centered around Martinique where it has been made for centuries.

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Types of Rhum Agricole

Rhum agricole is a type of rum made from sugar cane juice. It is produced mainly in Martinique, Guadeloupe, Haiti, and other Caribbean islands. Rhum agricole has a unique flavor and aroma that are distinct from other types of rum. It is typically aged for several years in oak barrels and can be enjoyed neat or as part of a cocktail. There are various types of rhum agricole available, each with its own distinct characteristics.

The two main types of rhum agricole are blanc (white) and vieux (aged). Blanc rhums have a light golden color and tend to have a smooth, mellow flavor with hints of floral, herbal, and tropical fruit notes. Vieux rhums are darker in color and have more complex flavors due to their extended aging process. These rums tend to be richer in flavor with notes of caramel, oak, vanilla, tobacco, dried fruits, and spices.

In addition to blanc and vieux rhums, there are also flavored varieties such as vanilla or coconut-infused rums. These spirits can be used to make delicious cocktails or enjoyed on their own as an after-dinner digestif. Other specialty varieties include the rare “rhum jolie” (beautiful rum), which is made using an old traditional method that involves aging the rum for at least five years in wooden barrels before bottling it.

No matter what type you choose, rhum agricole is an excellent spirit to enjoy neat or mixed into your favorite cocktail recipes!

Production of Rhum Agricole

Rhum Agricole is a type of rum produced from sugarcane juice in the French Caribbean islands. The production process for Rhum Agricole consists of several steps, which include harvesting, pressing, fermentation, distillation and aging.

The first step of the production process is harvesting the sugarcane. Sugar cane is harvested when it has reached its optimum maturity and sweetness, which typically occurs during late summer or early fall. After harvesting, the cane is then pressed in order to extract the juice. This juice is then fermented with various types of yeast in order to convert the sugars into alcohol.

The next step in the production process is distillation. This process separates the alcohol from other elements such as water and sediment. Distillation can be done through either pot stills or column stills. Pot stills are more traditional and produce a more flavorful product, while column stills are more efficient but produce a lighter product.

After distillation, Rhum Agricole is then aged in oak barrels for varying amounts of time depending on its intended use. This aging process mellows out the taste and adds complex notes to the flavor profile of the rum.

Once it has been aged to perfection, Rhum Agricole can be bottled and sold or blended with other rums to create unique flavor profiles. Regardless of how it is used, Rhum Agricole is known for its smooth taste and high quality that comes from its unique production process.

Harvesting the Sugarcane

The first step in making Rhum Agricole is to harvest the sugarcane. The sugarcane used to make Rhum Agricole is a specific variety of sugarcane that grows in Martinique, and it is harvested during the rainy season, usually between December and April. After the sugarcane is harvested, it must be harvested quickly and processed within 24 hours of being cut down. The cane is then cut into small pieces, which are then either pressed or macerated to extract the juice. This juice is then collected and stored in large tanks for fermentation.

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Fermenting the Juice

Once the juice has been collected, it must be fermented before it can be distilled into Rhum Agricole. During this process, yeast and other ingredients are added to the juice in order to produce alcohol. This fermentation process typically takes several days, and during this time the sugar in the juice will be converted into alcohol by the yeast. Once this process is complete, the mixture will have an alcohol content of around 10-12%.


When fermentation is complete, the mixture will then be distilled in order to separate out any impurities or unwanted flavors from the mixture. This distillation process typically takes place over several days in order to ensure that all of the desired flavors are extracted from the mixture. After distillation is complete, what remains is a clear liquid with an alcohol content of around 65-70%. This liquid can now be aged and bottled as Rhum Agricole.


The final step in making Rhum Agricole is aging. This aging process typically takes place over a period of at least three years, during which time the rhum will develop its unique flavor profile. During this time, Rhum Agricole will also develop its distinctive golden color as a result of being aged in oak barrels for extended periods of time. Once aging is complete, what remains can then be bottled as Rhum Agricole and enjoyed by all!

Flavors and Aromas in Rhum Agricole

Rhum Agricole is a type of rum that is made from sugarcane juice rather than molasses. This type of rum has a unique flavor and aroma profile that can be quite complex. The flavor of Rhum Agricole is often described as having notes of tropical fruits, such as banana and pineapple, as well as earthy, grassy flavors. It can also have hints of caramel, vanilla, and spice.

In terms of aroma, Rhum Agricole has a strong bouquet with notes of freshly cut grass, citrus fruits like lemon and lime, and earthy aromas like hay and wet soil. It can also have notes of spices like cinnamon or nutmeg, as well as floral aromas like jasmine or honeysuckle. Depending on the region where the sugarcane is grown, it may also have some funkier aromas such as barnyard or leather.

Overall, Rhum Agricole has an incredibly complex flavor and aroma profile that makes it a great choice for those who enjoy exploring the world of spirits. The wide range of flavors means that it can be enjoyed neat or used to create some truly unique cocktails.

Rhum Agricole Distilleries Around the World

Rhum Agricole is a unique, high-quality spirit produced in various distilleries around the world. It is made from sugar cane juice that has been fermented and distilled to create a unique flavor profile that is often described as earthy, herbal, and spicy. Rhum Agricole is popular in Caribbean and Latin American countries but it can also be found in other parts of the world.

Martinique is one of the most well-known places for producing Rhum Agricole, with many distilleries using traditional methods to create their spirits. Some of the popular brands from this region include Neisson, La Favorite, and J.M. These distilleries produce a range of styles including white, gold, and aged rhums that have a variety of flavor profiles.

In the United States, Rhum Agricole has become increasingly popular in recent years with more producers entering the market. In California, St. George Spirits produces a line of Rhums that are made from California-grown sugar cane and are aged for up to five years in oak barrels. In Florida, Florida Distillers produces a range of rums made from both molasses and fresh-pressed sugar cane juice in a variety of styles including white rhum agricole and barrel-aged rums.

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In Europe, there are several distilleries that produce high-quality Rhum Agricole including Damoiseau in Guadeloupe, Clairin in Haiti, Compagnie des Indes in Martinique, and La Mauny in Martinique. These brands have become increasingly popular over the last few years as they offer an alternative to more commonly produced rums such as white rum and dark rum.

Rhum Agricole is becoming increasingly popular around the world due to its unique flavor profile and its versatility when used for cocktails or enjoyed neat or on the rocks. While there are many distilleries producing this unique spirit across different parts of the world it’s important to remember that not all Rhum Agricoles are created equal – each producer has their own distinct style that can make all the difference when it comes to enjoying this special type of rum.

Cocktails Made with Rhum Agricole

Rhum agricole is a type of rum made from pure sugarcane juice. It has a unique flavor and aroma that is distinctly different from other types of rum. Rhum agricole is typically distilled in the French West Indies, but can also be found in other parts of the world. It is often used to make unique and delicious cocktails that are unlike any other cocktail you’ve ever had. Here are some of the most popular cocktails made with rhum agricole:

Ti’ Punch: This classic cocktail is a favorite among rhum agricole aficionados. It consists of rhum agricole, freshly-squeezed lime juice, and sugar syrup. It is usually served over ice and garnished with a slice of lime.

Haitian Mule: This twist on the classic Moscow mule combines rhum agricole, lime juice, ginger beer, and bitters for a refreshingly sweet and spicy cocktail. Garnish with a lime wedge to bring out the flavors even more.

Dark & Stormy: This classic Caribbean cocktail blends dark rum or rhum agricole with ginger beer or ginger ale and a squeeze of fresh lime juice. For an extra zing, add a few dashes of Angostura bitters for an unforgettable flavor experience.

Hurricane: This potent concoction blends equal parts dark rum or rhum agricole, passion fruit syrup, orange juice, lime juice, and simple syrup for an amazing balance of sweet and tart flavors. Add an umbrella straw for extra flair!

These are just some examples of the amazing cocktails you can make with rhum agricole – there are so many more out there! If you’re looking to try something different next time you’re mixing up drinks at home, give one (or all!) of these recipes a go!


Rhum Agricole is a unique type of rum, made primarily in the French West Indies. It is distilled from fresh sugar cane juice, rather than molasses, and undergoes a double distillation process. The resulting spirit has a grassy, earthy flavor that sets it apart from other types of rum. There are also several classifications of Rhum Agricole, which vary by the age and strength of the spirit.

The production process for Rhum Agricole is heavily regulated by AOC regulations to ensure the highest quality standards are met. This regulation also helps to protect the unique flavor profile that makes Rhum Agricole so special.

Whether you’re looking for an interesting cocktail ingredient or a unique spirit to sip on its own, Rhum Agricole offers something for everyone. With its complex flavors and fascinating history, it’s no wonder this type of rum is gaining popularity around the world.

Overall, Rhum Agricole is a flavorful and unique type of rum with an interesting production process. With its distinct flavor profile and AOC-regulated quality standards, this type of rum offers both variety and assurance when it comes to choosing your favorite spirit.



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